DIPLOMA IN ENGINEERING
The Diploma in Engineering or Diploma in Technical Education is a program focused on practical and skills-oriented training. It is a technical course that only covers the essentials when ranked with an undergraduate engineering degree. It aims to provide students with industry or job related engineering knowledge, scientific skills, computing and analysis, mathematical techniques, a sound knowledge of English to communicate in the field and ability to apply problem solving techniques.
Its duration is a minimum 3 years. Many countries in the world recognize it as equivalent to pre-engineering or bridging courses when considered for continuing studies in engineering related bachelors or associate degree programs. After successful completion of diploma in engineering course, students can either continue further engineering studies in undergraduate level or get employment as junior engineers, sub engineers, associate engineers, technicians, technologists, supervisors, superintendents, foremen, machinist, workshop technicians, draftsman, station technicians (energy, thermal, aeronautical), automobile technicians, maintenance and service technicians, equipment mechanics and technicians, CAD/CAM programmer, agricultural overseers, instrument technicians, junior instructors, manufacturing, tool and die designers, electricians…etc.
In some countries, one can apply for this diploma after completion of 10th grade (Secondary School Certificate).
Diploma in engineering can be obtained in many disciplines such as:
Computer engineering/Computer Science and engineering
Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Electronics and Telecommunication/Communication engineering
Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning engineering
Instrumentation and Control engineering
Mining/Mining and Mine Survey Engineering
Industrial and Production engineering
Tool and Die engineering
Bachelor of Engineering
A Bachelor of Engineering (abbreviated as B.E., B.Eng. or B.A.I. in Latin form) is a first professional undergraduate academic degree awarded to a student after three to five years of studying engineering at an accredited university. In the UK, a B.Eng. degree will be accredited by one of the Engineering Council’s professional engineering institutions as suitable for registration as an incorporated engineer or chartered engineer with further study to masters level. In Canada, the degree from a Canadian university can be accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB). Alternatively, it might be accredited directly by another professional engineering institution, such as the US-based Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The B.Eng. contributes to the route to chartered engineer (UK), registered engineer or licensed professional engineer and has been approved by representatives of the profession.
A B.E. has a greater emphasis on math and science, to allow the engineers to move from one discipline to another. Multi-discipline is required in certain fields, like Marine Engineering. The marine engineer is required to know mechanical, chemical and electric engineering. If an engineer is strictly staying in a single discipline, he/she would probably be better served with a B.Sc. A typical B.Sc. is 128 credits. SUNY Maritime B.E. is 172 credits.
Most universities in the United States and Europe award the Bachelor of Science Engineering (B.Sc.Eng.), Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.), Bachelor of Engineering Science (B.Eng.Sc.), Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) or Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) degree to undergraduate students of engineering study. For example, Canada is the only country that awards the B.A.Sc. degree for graduating engineers. Other institutions award engineering degrees specific to the area of study, such as B.S.E.E. (Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering) and BSME (Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering).
In French-speaking Canada, mainly Québec, the Bachelor of Engineering is referred to as B.Ing (Baccalauréat en ingénierie).
A less common and possibly the oldest variety of the degree in the English-speaking world, is Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria (B.A.I.), a Latin name meaning Bachelor in the Art of Engineering. Here Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria implies an excellence in carrying out the ‘art’ or ‘function’ of an engineer. The degree is awarded by the University of Dublin (its Trinity College Dublin has had a School of Engineering since 1841) and also by the constituent universities of the National University of Ireland (N.U.I.), but in everyday speech it is more commonly referred to as Bachelor of Engineering and the N.U.I. graduates also use the post-nominals translated into English, B.E., even though the actual degree and its parchment is in Latin.
Some South African Universities refer to their engineering degrees as B.Ing. (Baccalaureus Ingenieurswese, in Afrikaans).
A Bachelor of Engineering degree will usually be undertaken in one field of engineering, which is sometimes noted in the degree postnominals, as in BE (Aero) or BEng (Elec). Common fields for the Bachelor of Engineering degree include the following fields:
Biological Engineering — including Biochemical, Biomedical, Biosystems and Biomolecular
Chemical Engineering — deals with the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms
Clean Technology — use energy, water and raw materials and other inputs more efficiently and productively. Create less waste or toxicity and deliver equal or superior performance.
Computer Science and Engineering
Civil Engineering — a wide-ranging field, including building engineering, civil engineering, construction engineering, industrial, manufacturing, mechanical, materials and control engineering
Electrical and Computer Engineering/Electronic Engineering — very diverse field, including Computer Engineering, Communication/Communication systems engineering, Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Microelectronic Engineering, Microelectronics, Nanotechnology, Mechatronics, Software Engineering, Systems, Wireless and Telecommunications, Photovoltaic and Power Engineering
Electrical Controls Engineering — a relatively new and more specialized subdiscipline of Electrical Engineering that focuses on integrating Electrical Controls and their programming.
Engineering Management — the application of engineering principles to the planning and operational management of industrial and manufacturing operations
Environmental Engineering — includes fields such as Environmental, Geological, Geomatic, Mining, Marine and Ocean engineering
Fire Protection Engineering — the application of science and engineering principles to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire and smoke.
Geological Engineering — a hybrid discipline that comprises elements of civil engineering, mining engineering, petroleum engineering and earth sciences.
Geomatics Engineering — acquisition, modeling analysis and management of spatial data. Focuses on satellite positioning, remote sensing, land surveying, wireless location and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Geotechnical Engineering — a combination of civil and mining engineering and involves the analysis of earth materials.
Information Engineering — same as Information Technology.
Industrial Engineering — studies facilities planning, plant layout, work measurement, job design, methods engineering, human factors, manufacturing processes, operations management, statistical quality control, systems, psychology and basic operations management
Instrumentation Engineering — a branch of engineering dealing with measurement
Integrated Engineering — a multi-disciplinary, design-project-based engineering degree program.
Leather Engineering — an applied chemistry type based on leather and its application.
Manufacturing Engineering: Includes methods engineering, manufacturing process planning, tool design, metrology, Robotics, Computer integrated manufacturing, operations management and manufacturing management
Materials Engineering — includes metallurgy, polymer and ceramic engineering
Marine Engineering — includes the engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs and any other marine vessel or structure, as well as oceanographic engineering. Specifically, marine engineering is the discipline of applying engineering sciences, including mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering and computer science, to the development, design, operation and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and on-board systems and oceanographic technology. It includes but is not limited to power and propulsion plants, machinery, piping, automation and control systems for marine vehicles of any kind, such as surface ships and submarines.
Mechanical Engineering — includes engineering of total systems where mechanical science principles apply to objects in motion including transportation, energy, buildings, aerospace and machine design. Explores the applications of the theoretical fields of Mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, manufacturing and electricity
Mechatronics Engineering – includes a combination of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, telecommunications engineering, control engineering and computer engineering
Mining Engineering — deals with discovering, extracting, beneficiating, marketing and utilizing mineral deposits.
Nuclear Engineering — customarily includes nuclear fission, nuclear fusion and related topics such as heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel or other related technology (e.g., radioactive waste disposal) and the problems of nuclear proliferation. May also include radiation protection, particle detectors and medical physics.
Petroleum Engineering — a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to exploration and production of hydrocarbons from the Earth’s subsurface.
Plastics Engineering — A vast field which includes plastic processing, Mold designing …..
Production Engineering — term used in the UK and Europe similar to Industrial Engineering in N America – it includes engineering of machines, people, process and management. Explores the applications of the theoretical field of Mechanics.
Textile Engineering — based on the conversion of three types of fiber into yarn, then fabric, then textiles
Robotics and Automation Engineering — relates all engineering fields for implementing in robotics and automation
Structural Engineering — analyze, design, plan and research structural components, systems and loads, in order to achieve design goals including high risk structures ensuring the safety and comfort of users or occupants in a wide range of specialties.
Software Engineering — systematic application of scientific and technological knowledge, methods and experience to the design, implementation, testing and documentation of software
Systems Engineering — focuses on the analysis, design, development and organization of complex systems
In India, a Master of Engineering (M.E.) or a Master of Technology (M.Tech.) or a Master of Science in Engineering (MSc.Engg.) degree is a postgraduate program in engineering field. It is generally a 2-year program (2 or more years in case of MSc.Engg.) after completing a 4-year undergraduate degree in engineering (Bachelor of Engineering – B.E. or Bachelor of Technology – B.Tech.). Integrated M.E./M.Tech. degree (B.E./B.Tech. + M.E./M.Tech.) program of 5-year duration is also offered by many institutions.
A Master of Science in Engineering (MSc.Engg.) is usually structured as a research master’s degree, lesser than a PhD and considered to be parallel to an M.Phil. in humanities and science.